In the debate about nature versus nurture for developing reading skills, cognitive neuroscientists have a clear message: both matter.
From infancy, children have a neural scaffolding in place upon which environmental factors refine and build reading skills.
A structural brain scaffold in infants serves as a foundation for literacy. Language and reading may refine this pre-existing brain scaffold. The study also reveals robust language networks activated while children sleep if stories are read to them during slumber.