Recently, scientists have had the opportunity to study the brain of a woman who goes by “EG.” What’s interesting about her is that she has no left temporal lobe; instead, the area where it would have been is filled with cerebro-spinal fluid. But although EG is missing a large part of her brain—one often associated with language learning—she has a graduate degree, a robust vocabulary, and an impressive career, much to the surprise of many of her doctors. She has the brain’s amazing plasticity—its ability to reorganize—to thank.

This amazing story told here, on