Two recent studies have looked at the benefits of cycling and found that it may benefit the brain in a variety of ways:

  • In The Netherlands, one study found that people who used an exercise bike for 6 months show an increased density and connectivity in their brain’s white matter.

  • An unrelated study from Taiwan found that people with diabetes or metabolic syndrome who used a stationary bike for 12 weeks experienced an increase of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a brain chemical involved in supporting neural plasticity processes by encouraging the growth and differentiation of new neurons and synapses.

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  • 一份荷蘭的研究發現,維持6個月以健身單車進行鍛煉的人,他們大腦內白質的密度及連接性都得到提高。

  • 另一份與上項不相關的研究是來自台灣的,它指出患有糖尿病和代謝統合症的人,在使用健身單車進行12週訓練後,大腦的腦源性神經營養因素(BDNF)有所增加,這種大腦化學物透過激勵腦內的神經元和突觸的增長和連接,促成神經功能重組過程。

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